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At Shri Mahavir Medical Cetre. , Pathology is a specialized field of medicine that involves the study and examination of diseases, their causes, and the changes that occur in bodily tissues and organs as a result of these diseases. Pathologists, medical professionals trained in pathology, play a crucial role in diagnosing illnesses, understanding disease processes, and contributing to treatment decisions.

The field of pathology can be broadly categorized into two main branches: anatomical pathology and clinical pathology. Anatomical pathology involves the examination of tissues, organs, and bodily fluids to identify abnormalities at a cellular or tissue level. Pathologists in this field use techniques such as histology, cytology, and autopsy to analyze specimens and provide diagnostic insights.

Clinical pathology, on the other hand, focuses on the analysis of bodily fluids like blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid. It includes laboratory tests and methodologies to diagnose and monitor diseases, assess organ function, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments. Subspecialties within clinical pathology include hematology, clinical chemistry, microbiology, and immunology.

Pathologists use a variety of tools and technologies, including microscopy, molecular biology techniques, and advanced imaging, to explore the intricate details of diseases. Their findings contribute significantly to medical diagnoses, treatment planning, and ongoing research efforts. Apart from diagnostic pathology, the field also encompasses forensic pathology, involving the examination of deceased individuals for legal purposes, particularly in cases of sudden or unexpected deaths.

Pathologists may further specialize in specific areas such as neuropathology, dermatopathology, or gastrointestinal pathology, depending on their interests and expertise. Continuous advancements in technology and research contribute to the evolving landscape of pathology, enhancing diagnostic accuracy and the understanding of disease processes.